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Business Studies

Economic Management Science in Grade 9 covers the basics of both Business Studies and Accounting. This gives the learners exposure to both topics as a introductory insight to both these fields which will assist them in choosing subjects for Grade 10.

Topics covered in Grade 9 include

Business Studies component

  • Economic Systems and Economic Sectors
  • Economic Cycle
  • Business Environments
  • Trade Unions
  • Business Functions in the micro environment
  • Business Plans

Accounting component

  • Financial literacy – how to prepare :
    • Cash journal, General ledger, Trial balance, Credit transactions, debtors and creditors ledger, Returns and allowances
  • Financial Statements
  • Analysing financial statements


Business Studies is a wonderful subject that is dynamic that is current and covers a wide range of topics that is relevant to all business practice. Many skills, knowledge and experience is assimilated over the 3 years that adequately prepares the foundation they need to start their path to becoming entrepreneurs in the ‘real world’.

Topics covered in Grade 10

  • Business Environments
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Forms of Ownership
  • Business Related Information
  • Creative Thinking
  • Professionalism and Ethics
  • Teamwork
  • Purchasing and Procurements Management
  • Productions/Operations Management
  • Financial Function
  • Information Management

Topics covered in Grade 11

  • Business Environments
  • Corporate Social Responsibility
  • Management and Entrepreneurship
  • Research
  • Forms of Ownership
  • Problem solving and techniques
  • Professionalism and Ethics
  • Teamwork and Conflict Management
  • Public Relations
  • Finance
  • Marketing

Topics covered in Grade 12

  • Micro, market and macro environment
  • Analysis tools for environment
  • Business strategies and problem solving tools
  • Conflict management
  • Human Resources
  • General management and Corporate Governance (King Code)
  • Ethics, Professionalism, and Social Responsibility
  • Marketing
  • Investment
  • Insurance
  • Labour Legislation and Industrial Relation
  • Organisational Performance